If someone will imagine about Hell then definitely a fiery place come in his mind first where condition for living is very uncomfortable . If we tell you about a place where fire is burning in crater since 1971 and the size of crater is 230 feet wide and 65 feet deep then what you think ? Yes ,this place located in Derweze Turkmenistan, which is a natural gas field area and known as Gates to Hell, the Crater of Fire, Darvaza Crater and Door to hell because of its fiery appearance.
A uninterrupted fire burning methane gas that come out from crater give all famous name to it by locals and foreigners.
The origin of creator has a thrilling story as we told you that this crater is situated in Derweze.Turkmenistan is desert area and only 30 percent of land is suitable for living condition. Turkmenistan divided into five regions and Ahal Region which is completely a desert and the second largest state. This area has only 14 percent of the total population of Turkmenistan. Derweze village is situated into the same desert area.
In 1971 scientists of the former Soviet Union came in this desert area for oil and gas exploration which is near Derweze village and selected this place for drilling. They start drilling and after the beginning of drilling this place collapsed shortly and crater has created which was 230 feet wide and 65 feet deep. There is no effect of this crater to human life if no poisonous gas comes out from this. Methane is a greenhouse gas that would adversely affect the environment. So scientist need to stop the methane gas that was coming from crater. They had only two options. The options were either the crater should be closed or the methane gas should be burned. The first method was extremely expensive and much time consuming therefore Scientists came with an approach to set fire the crater. They thought that one day all the methane gas will be burned and the fire will be extinguished automatically.
But at that idea Scientists was wrong .Even today after 1971 fire is burning the methane so you can guess the size of vast natural reservoir.
Turkmenistan has become a major tourist attraction because of this fiery place. The full splendor of this place come at night when golden aura of the place looks from several kilometers away .The sun that lights the day away from it only appears common to burning crater.
In 2010, the leader of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, ordered the closure of the crater but this is not implemented yet due to the financial issue and , Hellish desert pit still continuously burning.